ISM Institute of Stock Market Delhi

Investor's Awareness

#ISM Institue of stock market One Of The Best Share Market Classes In #Pune Providing Basic Of Share Market + Fundamental Analysis + Technical Analysis & Full Time/Part Time Income ..

> How to safely invest in stocks

> Financial Market Concept

> Know your Rights

> Do & Dont's

Important Announcements

> Shareholders must dematerialize their physical shares into a Demat account before April 1.

> Keep your Contact Information like Email address and phone numbers updated with your respective brokers to prevent any unauthorized transaction.

> Bank cheques are No more required for the allotment of IPO's. Your bank will coordinate once you fill up the application form.

Basics of Financial Market

For what reason would it be a good idea for one to invest?

One needs to invest to: win return on your inert assets generate a predefined aggregate of cash for a particular objective in life make a provision for an unsure future.

One of the critical reasons why one needs to invest shrewdly is to meet the expense of Inflation. Inflation is the rate at which the average cost for basic items increments. The average cost for basic items is just what it expenses to purchase the products and ventures you have to live. Inflation makes cash lose esteem since it won't purchase a similar measure of a decent or an administration later on as it does now or did previously.

What care would it be advisable for one to take while investing?

Prior to making any investment, one must guarantee to

  1. Acquire composed records clarifying the investment
  2. Peruse and see such reports
  3. Check the authenticity of the investment
  4. Discover the expenses and advantages related to the investment
  5. Survey the risk-return profile of the investment
  6. Know the liquidity and wellbeing parts of the investment
  7. Find out on the off chance that it is proper for your particular objectives
  8. Contrast these subtleties and other investment openings accessible
  9. Analyze in the event that it fits in with different investments you are thinking about or you have effectively made
  10. The arrangement just through an approved intermediary
  11. Look for all illuminations about the intermediary and the investment

Investigate the choices accessible to you if something somehow managed to turn out badly, and afterward, whenever fulfilled, make the investment. These are known as the Twelve Important Steps to Investing.

What is implied by Interest?

When we acquire money, we are relied upon to pay for utilizing it – this is known as Interest. Interest is a sum charged to the borrower for the benefit of utilizing the loan specialist's money. Interest is typically determined as a percentage of the essential parity. The percentage rate might be fixed for the life of the loan, or it might be variable, contingent upon the terms of the loan.

What factors determine interest rates?

When we discuss interest rates, there are distinctive kinds of interest rates - rates that banks offer to their depositors, rates that they loan to their borrowers, the rate at which the Government acquires in the Bond/Government Securities market, rates offered to investors in little savings schemes like NSC, PPF, rates at which organizations issue fixed deposits and so on. The components which oversee these interest rates are generally economy related and are ordinarily alluded to as macroeconomic variables. A portion of these elements are: Demand for money Level of Government borrowings Supply of money Inflation rate The Reserve Bank of India and the Government approaches which determine a portion of the factors referenced previously

What are different choices accessible for investment?

One may invest in: Physical resources like land, gold/adornments, Mutual funds wares and so forth and/or money related resources, for example, fixed deposits with banks, little sparing instruments with post offices, insurance/provident/pension fund and so on. or on the other hand, securities market-related instruments like shares, bonds, debentures and so forth.

What are different Short-term money-related choices accessible for investment?

Comprehensively, savings bank account, money market/liquid funds and fixed deposits with banks might be considered as short-term monetary investment choices:

Savings Bank Account is often the principal banking item individuals use, which offers low interest (4%-5% p.a.), improving them just insignificantly than fixed deposits.

Money Market or Liquid Funds are a specific type of mutual funds that invest in very short-term fixed salary instruments and along these lines give simple liquidity. In contrast to most mutual funds, money market funds are essentially situated towards ensuring your capital and at that point, mean to boost returns. Money market funds for the most part yield preferable returns over savings accounts, yet lower than bank fixed deposits.

Fixed Deposits with Banks are additionally alluded to as term deposits and least investment period for bank FDs is 30 days. Fixed Deposits with banks are for investors with generally safe craving and might be considered for 6 a year investment period as regularly interest on under a half year bank FDs is probably going to be lower than money market fund returns.

What are different Long-term money-related choices accessible for investment?

Post Office Savings Schemes, Public Provident Fund, Company Fixed Deposits, Bonds and Debentures, Mutual Funds and so forth.

Post Office Savings: Post Office Monthly Income Scheme is a generally safe sparing instrument, which can be profited through any Post Office. It gives an interest rate of 8% per annum, which is paid month to month.

Public Provident Fund: A long term savings instrument with a maturity of 15 years and interest payable at 8% per annum intensified every year. A PPF account can be opened through a nationalized bank whenever amid the year and is open all during that time for storing money. Tax breaks can be profited for the sum invested and interest accumulated is tax-exempt. A withdrawal is permissible consistently from the seventh money related year of the date of opening of the account and the measure of withdrawal will be constrained to half of the equalization at credit toward the finish of the fourth year promptly going before the year in which the sum is pulled back or toward the finish of the first year whichever is bring down the measure of loan assuming any.

Company Fixed Deposits: These are short-term (a half year) to medium-term (three to five years) borrowings by organizations at a fixed rate of interest which is payable month to month, quarterly, or every year. They can likewise be total fixed deposits where the whole key along with the interest is paid toward the finish of the loan period. The rate of interest shifts between 6-9% per annum for company FDs. The interest got is after derivation of expenses.

What is implied by a Stock Exchange?

The Securities Contract (Regulation) Act, 1956 [SCRA] characterizes 'Stock Exchange' as anyone of people, regardless of whether incorporated or not, comprised to assist, managing or controlling the matter of purchasing, moving or managing insecurities. The stock exchange could be a local stock exchange whose territory of operation/ward is determined at the season of its acknowledgment or national exchanges, which are permitted to have across the country exchanging since origin. NSE was incorporated as a national stock exchange.

What is the capacity of the Securities Market?

Securities Markets is where purchasers and merchants of securities can go into transactions to buy and move shares, bonds, debentures and so forth. Further, it performs a vital job in empowering corporates, business visionaries to raise assets for their organizations and business adventures through public issues. Exchange of assets from those having inert assets (investors) to other people who have a requirement for them (corporates) is most productively accomplished through the securities market. Expressed formally, securities markets give channels to the reallocation of savings to investments and business enterprise. Savings are connected to investments by an assortment of intermediaries, through a scope of money-related items, called 'Securities'.

Which are the securities one can invest in?

Shares Government Securities Derivative items Units of Mutual Funds and so forth are a portion of the securities investors in the securities market can invest in.

What is the job of the 'Essential Market'?

The essential market gives the channel to the clearance of new securities. The essential market gives a chance to backers of securities; Government just as corporates, to raise assets to meet their prerequisites of investment and/or release some commitment. They may issue the securities without needing any proof, or at a rebate/premium and these securities may take an assortment of structures, for example, equity, debt and so on. They may issue the securities in the domestic market and/or international market.

For what reason do organizations need to issue shares to the public?

Most organizations are typically started secretly by their promoter(s). Be that as it may, the promoters' capital and the borrowings from banks and monetary foundations may not be adequate for setting up or maintaining the business over the long term. So organizations welcome the public to contribute towards the equity and issue shares to singular investors. The best approach to welcome offer capital from the public is through a 'Public Issue'. Basically expressed, a public issue is an offer to the public to buy into the offer capital of a company. When this is done, the company designates shares to the candidates as per the endorsed guidelines and regulations set somewhere around SEBI.

What is implied by Market Capitalization?

The market estimation of a cited company, which is determined by increasing its current offer cost (market cost) by the number of shares in issue is called as market capitalization.

What is implied by the Secondary market?

Secondary market alludes to a market where securities are exchanged subsequent to being initially offered to the public in the essential market and/or recorded on the Stock Exchange. Lion's share of the trading is done in the secondary market. The secondary market contains equity markets and the debt markets.

What safety measures must one take before investing in the stock markets?

Here are some helpful pointers to hold up under at the top of the priority list before you invest in the markets:

Ensure your merchant is enlisted with SEBI and the exchanges and don't manage unregistered intermediaries.

Guarantee that you get contract notes for every one of your transactions from your representative inside one working day of execution of the exchanges.

All investments convey risk or something to that affect. Investors ought to dependably know the risk that they are taking and invest in a way that coordinates their risk resilience.

Try not to be misdirected by market gossipy tidbits, attracting ad or 'hot tips' of the day.

Take educated choices by concentrate on the fundamentals of the company. Discover the business the company is into, its future prospects, nature of the executives, past reputation and so on Sources of thinking about a company are through yearly reports, monetary magazines, databases accessible with merchants or your budgetary consultant.

On the off chance that your monetary guide or merchant encourages you to invest in a company you have never known about, be mindful. Invest some energy looking at about the company before investing.

Try not to be attracted by declarations of incredible outcomes/news reports, about a company. Do your own examination before investing in any stock.

Try not to be attracted to stocks dependent on what a web site advances, except if you have done a satisfactory investigation of the company.

Investing in exceptionally low estimated stocks or what are known as penny stocks does not ensure significant yields.

Be mindful about stocks which demonstrate a sudden spurt in cost or trading activity.

Any exhort or tip that claims that there are tremendous returns expected, particularly to act rapidly, might be risky and may to prompt losing a few, most, or the majority of your money.

How to safely Invest in stocks
Know your Rights & Obligations
How to report a Crime?
Do's and Dont's
What is Mutual Fund?
What is Investment?
What is 'Equity'/Share?
What is a Derivative?
What is a 'Debt Instrument'?
What is a Prospectus?
What is an Index ?
What is a Depository?
What is an Initial Public Offer (IPO)?
What is Dematerialization ?
What are Bonds?
What is a Contract Note?
Power of Attorney
When to Start Investing?

Beware of These


Many receive calls from Anonymous numbers promising high returns on their investments Ex Ponzi/Pyramid Schemes, Loans, Currency Scams. These calls should be reported immediately.


One should avoid subscribing to Tips and calls services which are offered. These tips are nothing more than personal opinions which should not invest their hard earned money on basis of.


These fancy promotions on the internet make share trading look so easy. In reality, Share market trading is a risky profession and one can lose money without knowledge.


If you are on social media you may have noticed people setting up high expectations on rewards from the stock market. This usually is not legal and may lead investor in the wrong direction.